Scottish Folds are an irresistibly adorable and incredibly fun cat to bring into any household. Their folded ears, beautiful coats, and unique expressions have caused the breed to skyrocket into popularity in recent years.
If you’re looking to bring one of these fantastic felines into your home, it helps to know what you’re signing up for. This guide to the Scottish Fold cat will tell you everything you’ve ever wanted to know about this breed.
Bringing these cats into your home is a responsibility that you should take seriously, and this means learning what it takes to care for your Scottish Fold properly. How should owners care for their ears? What traits and temperaments could you come to expect from your new pet? Continue reading to learn everything you’ve ever wanted to know about Scottish Folds, as well as some surprising fun facts!
A Brief History Lesson
Did you know that the entire breed can be traced back to a single cat? A white barn cat was discovered near Coupar Angus in Scotland in 1961 by shepherd William Ross. He was so taken with the cat’s beauty that he asked the owner if he could take possession of one of her kittens. That kitten, named Susie, ended up being the foundation queen of the entire Scottish Fold breed.
After consulting with a geneticist, Ross facilitated Susie’s motherhood to dozens of kittens in a relatively short span of time. Within just a few years, there were over thirty Scottish Fold kittens in Scotland. The popularity of this new breed got the Scottish Fold awarded championship by the Cat Fanciers’ Association in the 1970s – little more than a decade after the discovery of the trademark ear mutation.
Ever since, the Scottish Fold has quickly become one of the most distinctive cats in the world, and their adorable traits have reached nearly every corner of the globe. That’s quite a feat to pull off in just a few short decades!
Little Cat, Big Personality
Scottish Folds are well-known for their interesting and downright amusing behaviors. If you spend some time around these cats, it won’t take long for you to observe silly antics like sitting upright, standing on their rear paws, lying flat on their backs and putting their paws up in the air. However, their real charm comes from how much they love to be around their humans.
These felines are true friends to have in your home. They thrive when they get lots of love and one-on-one attention from their people. They are talkative, sociable and incredibly loving creatures that do not let their ear mutation affect their ability to communicate with those around them.
Your Scottish Fold is also likely to be pretty active, as a kitten and as an adult cat, and during their play, you will see just how intelligent this breed is. They excel at puzzles and are even known to get into a game of fetch with their chosen humans. Teaser toys are a well-known favorite of theirs, though their focus is less on the toys and more on the person holding the toy. Anything involving time spent with their people is a Scottish Fold’s favorite activity.
Because the Scottish Fold is so highly social, they hate to be left alone for extended periods of time. This means that this breed is not ideal for individuals and families who spend a lot of time outside of the home. These animals need companionship just as much as they need food and water, so it’s best to make sure that you never have to leave your Scottish Fold alone for too long.
Scottish Folds are known for being friends with people of all ages, other cats, and cat-friendly dogs. Their calm nature makes them a wonderful addition to any family!
The Physical Characteristics of the Scottish Fold
Scottish Fold cats have a unique look which goes beyond the ear fold. Here’s what a purebred Scottish Fold cat should look like. For more information, see the official CFA breed standard here and the official TICA breed standard here.
The uniquely folded ears of the Scottish Fold don’t become evident until a kitten reaches three weeks old or so. Kittens are born with straight ears that will end up folding in time, though not every cat’s ears will fold in the same way. There are several possibilities for the way in which your cat’s ears will change and fold forward:
- Single-fold bent halfway up the ear.
- Double-fold, a tighter fold than the single-folded ear.
- Triple-fold, with the ear-bending forward so much that the ears lie almost flat to the head. The triple-folded ear is considered ideal in cats used to show.
However, not every Scottish Fold will have their ears fold at all. In fact, it has been estimated that fewer than half of all Scottish Fold kittens’ ears will ever fold to any degree. They are still as much a Scottish Fold as their tipped-ear counterparts, and their genetics are valuable to the breeding programs that ensure the continuation of the breed.
In terms of size, the Scottish Fold is a medium-sized cat, with the average Fold weighing in between 8 and 13 pounds. They aren’t exceptionally long and have average, medium-length tails. Because this cat is not particularly high-energy, Scottish Folds can be especially vulnerable to undesirable weight gain. Owners should make sure to feed their feline companions a well-balanced diet to combat this concern.
Scottish Folds come in long-haired and short-haired varieties. Sometimes, the long-haired Scottish Fold is referred to as the Highland Fold. Both coat types are exceptionally soft and fluffy, which only fuels their nickname of “teddy-bear cats.”
Coloration is varied in this breed, with the possible coat colors ranging from bicolor and particolor to tabby and solid colorations. It is believed that the color of the cat’s eyes relates to the color of their fur, as well. As an example, white Scottish Folds tend to have blue eyes. They are also more likely than others of their breed to have eyes of two different colors.
Fold Health Issues
The Scottish is a hardy breed. Their typical lifespan is about 15 years. When properly bred, they do not have any special health or grooming issues. But there are strict breeding guidelines to follow to maintain the health of the breed. This means the responsible breeder never mates one Scottish Fold to another. Unfortunately, it has not always been like this.
Scottish Fold Breed Committee of TICA discovered some facts in their release:
“Once the folds were brought to America, little was known about the natural mutation which results in the folded ear. In the early 1970s Dr. Oliphant Jackson, an English geneticist, released a report stating that the breed carried a bone problem. The decision was made, the report stated, that changes and the vital use of outcrosses were needed to restore the original health of Folds. About this time, x-rays of Folds started showing bone lesions. According to Dr. Jackson’s report, there had been no previous mention of associated skeletal deformity before the ’70s. Scientists and breeders agreed that these were being caused by excessive in-breeding early in the history of the Folds rather than by the Fdgene itself.
It is through careful breeding over the last 15 –20 years that we are now seeing folded cats showing no adverse effects caused by the early inbreeding. Yes, we can have healthy, happy Scottish cats again as they were originally!”
Ironically, they are not recognized as a breed in their country of origin over concerns that the folded ear might lead to ear infections or deafness and because of a related cartilage problem.
Caring for Your Scottish Fold
Because of their ears especially, this breed of cat requires some additional care that other cats do not. Fortunately, Scottish Folds do not typically require any major changes to how you would care for any other cat. Much of their care is the same as generalized cat care guidelines:
Scottish Fold Cats: Grooming Requirements
Groom the cat by brushing their fur with a soft brush, trimming their nails when they become long, brushing their teeth once weekly to prevent periodontal disease (which is common in all cat breeds), and cleaning their eyes of any built-up gunk that may have formed. Longhaired Scottish Folds may require some additional grooming of their rear ends and their fur in general.
Keep their litter box clean by scooping it daily and replacing the litter at least once weekly.
Make sure that the cat’s ears are kept clean. This can be difficult for them to do on their own, especially if their ears are dramatically folded (like a double or triple-fold). You can clean your cat’s ears once a week with a 50-50 cider vinegar-water mixture on a cotton ball. Avoid using Q-tips, as you can cause accidental damage to their ears with this common cleansing tool.
How should you play with your Scottish Fold cat?
Play with your cat! Your Scottish Fold wants nothing more than to be the center of your universe, so they need all of the attention that you can spare. While they are not the most high-energy cats, they still love a session with a teaser toy or simply sitting on their human’s lap and being snuggled. A Scottish Fold’s favorite pastime is spending time with their companions.
It is recommended that you keep your Scottish Fold as an indoor-only cat, particularly due to the dangers of wild animals and cars to outdoor cats. This breed is also prone to being stolen if left outside, due to their unique features and the fact that some individuals will gladly snatch up a cat as beautiful as the Scottish Fold to avoid having to pay for one themselves.
Provide – and receive – Companionship
Ensure that your cat is never left alone for too long. If you work long hours or are frequently away from home for other reasons, a Scottish Fold might not be the best cat for your situation. They aren’t very independent, if you haven’t figured that out already. They often do well in homes where they have other animal playmates, like cat-friendly dogs and other cats that do well in pairs or groups. If a Scottish Fold is left alone for too long, too often, they will grow to dislike their environment.
10 Fun Facts About the Scottish Fold
Not only are Scottish Folds irresistibly adorable, but they are also incredibly interesting and surprising animals! We thought that you might like to know these ten fun facts about this cherished breed.
- The mutation responsible for the cat’s signature folded ears only occurs when a Scottish Fold is bred with a straight-eared cat breed.
- Scottish Folds only came into the United States in 1971, ten years after the discovery of the first Scottish Fold kitten, Susie, in Scotland.
- Strangely enough, Scottish Folds are not recognized as a breed in Scotland. This is due to the fear that the mutation of their ears could leave them especially vulnerable to deafness, infections and ear cartilage damage.
- This breed is suspected to be the most social of any breed of household cat. They love children, adults, the elderly, other animals, and guests that appear in their homes.
- Many Scottish Folds are observed to snore when they sleep. This is likely due to the fact that they are so inclined toward sleeping on their backs.
- Scottish Folds are notoriously quiet. While you might not be able to hear their purr like you would for most other cats, you can rest assured that your cat is quite content as long as they are getting the food, water and love that they need.
- Pure white Scottish Folds are difficult to find because most reputable breeders will not actively aim for this coloration. Pure white cats tend to have a greater likelihood of developing or being born with hearing problems.
- These cats are not easy to startle. While other breeds might jump at a loud noise, Scottish Folds are so laid-back that they are unlikely to respond with any kind of quickness unless they sense imminent danger.
- Scottish Folds are notorious couch potatoes. These indolent kitties are prone to lazing around for most of the day, with bursts of energy between lounging sessions.
- Until the Scottish Fold became a registered breed, they were called “lop-ears” or “lops,” since their ears bear some resemblance to the lopped ears of a rabbit.
Scottish Folds are an interesting, adorable and friendly breed that will do well in any home that can pay them the attention that they crave. They are about as low-maintenance as a cat can get, considering their lazy nature, laid-back personas and generally content disposition.
Scottish Folds live just as long as the average cat of any other breed, but because of their ears, owners need to be especially knowledgeable about these cats. If you can apply the right amounts of practical ear care, nutrition and love, you will have a companion that will not want to leave your side for the rest of his or her life.